We continue the publication of the notes of Lutty Saifulina. She was born and raised in Sergiev Posad, but for several years, lives in Berlin. About different and unlike in the lives of our two countries, and the nuances of everyday communication, about patterns, habits and aspirations of the Germans and Russians — all this talk of “Notes from Berlin”, published twice a month. And at the end of each issue is a small German lesson.
At the end of February in Berlin began the week of carnival. As Pancake day in Russia, carnivals in Germany are held before the Easter lent. Carnival, Carne vale, Latin for “farewell, meat!”
Carnival week has three main time points. It all starts ahead of time: November 11, at 11 hours and 11 minutes held a special meeting to appoint ru-
training of executives carnivals. Two and a half months daily training for a carnival processions. At this time is decided where and how will be held carnivals.
The next stage is “Pink Monday”. 48 days before Easter Sunday start the main carnival procession. Pink it was named because of the tradition to scatter on carnival participants rose petals.
The final point is “Ash Wednesday,” she noted at least 45 days before Easter. Traditionally on this day in churches burned palm branches and ashes painted on the bodies of parishioners crosses, signifying the adoption of strict fasting. At midnight from Wednesday to Thursday, cease all carnival parades and celebrations.
The final highlight of the carnival is the burning of straw figures called Nobel. This figure assumes all the sins committed during the carnival: gluttony, extravagance, excessive entertainment. With the burning of all the sins go away, and people go into strict fasting, which lasts 45 days.
The main attribute of the celebrations is the display of affluence: the audience needs to be generously endowed with different sweets or Souvenirs. It is believed that it will bring good luck and income.
The most famous and magnificent carnivals are held in Cologne, düsseldorf and Mainz. In these cities carnivals are so traditional that many employers turn a blind eye to the fact that their employees take emergency leave to participate in processions, or to look at them.
Rose Monday in this year fell on March 7. Though informally, but in Cologne and düsseldorf this weekend.
On the day of the official opening, the organizers give the command to start the carnival procession. From now on all the streets of Cologne, all the restaurants and bars, rough fun begins.
If you were in Cologne, every minute you will meet people in carnival masks, the characters from various fairy tales and, of course, caricatures of famous politicians.
The first-day masquerade ball called “Babi Thursday”, or “Lady of the night”. This night Cologne knows no sleep. Its peculiarity is that women who met men in business tie, immediately cut the tie with scissors in protest against any kind of labour activity.
In Carnival Friday, many companies are going with its employees in the Old square of Cologne, to celebrate the masquerade together. In Carnival Saturday on the square in New Market Cologne any visitor can buy the famous Cologne beer mugs for just five euros (about 200 rubles) and throughout the Sabbath day, to fill their free best Cologne beer. In Carnival Sunday procession schools are showing their creativity in the costumes and the scenery.
There comes a Carnival (or Pink) Monday — more than a million people fill the streets of Cologne to take part in carnival processions. On this day all the shops and businesses remain closed. In Cologne — a day off.
Carnival Tuesday is the last day of carnival processions. On this day, in the evening, the entire population of Cologne is going on a pre-selected location on the traditional burning of the straw figures of Nobel.
On ash Wednesday, the official closing of the carnival procession. Believers prepare for Easter post.
Dusseldorf and Berlin
The most exciting carnivals in Dusseldorf Carnival is on Sunday. In 11 hours and 11 minutes women take by storm the town hall. Sunday — non-working day, but during a typical women find in offices and in the streets men, zapletalova to remove their ties, and cut them with scissors. Düsseldorf is also famous for its carnival music and dancing.
Although the mention of Berlin carnivals can be found in the early fifteenth century, a more unusual holiday to Berlin to imagine the impossible.
The first prohibition of carnivals, street theater and similar amusements dates back to 1629. The next few princes were trying to organize a carnival in Berlin and took part in them, but a long ban and the intransigence of the Catholic Church for many years inspired the people of Berlin aversion to such merriment.
If in Cologne, düsseldorf and Mainz carnival are celebrated at the city level and look absolutely natural, Berlin takes the fun very reluctantly.
As in other cities, major figures of the carnival here are caricatures of political figures. In Berlin carnivals are held on the kurfürstendamm, which was described in the previous “Notes”.
The main participants of the carnival are the representatives of different organizations and firms. They dropped the sweetness with the logo of his company, simultaneously making his ads. The audience of the carnival, armed special carnival packages, gather, scatter sweets, evening to compare prey.
Berlin carnival is visited by more and more people, but despite this, among them felt a very critical attitude. I was lucky enough to attend the carnivals in other cities in Germany and Switzerland, and everywhere the spirit of the holiday was captured and made to dance, rejoice and go for a carnival procession kilometers and kilometers!
Here from the first minute wait, and when this is all over. And it ends really quickly. While in other cities of Europe and the world, the carnival lasts for weeks, Berlin passes for two to three hours. And yet carnivals in Berlin, it seems, though not soon, but one day will take its rightful place.
The most famous delicacy of the carnival week in Berlin is the Berlin doughnut. The doing donuts with various fillings, but the traditional is the one with plum jam.
! In Germany only a small percentage of people used the word “carnival”. Almost all will say Fasching. This word came into use in the thirteenth century and comes from the word Fastenschrank a wardrobe or a chest of drawers, which at the time of the post was locked up all the liquor. That was the title and the last alcoholic beverage that you can drink in front of strict fasting.